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Agri Mantra Enterprises

Cashew Process

Our company specializes in cashew processing. Taking out cashew nut kernels intact from the shell and grading them carefully to superior standards required by top food companies all over the world. . The un-shelled nut is steamed to soften the shell and carefully cut open. The kernel is dried to loosen the skin which is then peeled off. Whole kernels are graded by size and color. Pieces are chopped into required sizes. After final QC including metal detection, they are packed in vaccum for freshness. The raw nuts purchased from the market or imported are dried in the yards by exposing the nuts to heat of the sun.The moisture content of raw nuts is thus removed and the rawnuts are packed in gunny bags of 80 kgs each and stored in godowns. The rawnuts are taken for process from the godown and they are steam treated for about an hour and cooled in the atmosphere before they are taken to the cutting tables.When the nuts achieve atmospheric temperature, they are cut by autocutting machines and the kernels are separated.The kernels so separated are taken to a hot chamber where they are heated in trays and the kernels are spread evenly in the trays.This process would take almost a day and the kernels are left for cooling again.The brown skin testa of the kernels is removed by hand/auto peeling machine and the white kernels are obtained.

  • Steaming : The in-shell cashews are steamed under pressure to soften the shell. This causes the cashews inside to become loose and easier to remove in time.
  • Shelling : Hand operated cutters are used to cut the outer hard shell. In this operation half of the shell separates leaving the kernel in the other half. The kernel is then removed manually by a small tool.
  • Drying : Cashew nuts are dried in the sun to reduce the moisture content of the nut and to mature the seed in the infrared and ultraviolet rays of the sun.
  • Peeling : Between the outer hard shell and the kernel there is a soft shell. This shell is removed manually by a small tool.
  • Grading : In the above process, some kernel are broken in half and/or pieces. Grading is based on size, colour, whole or pieces of nut.

The kernels so obtained are graded as 180, 240, 320 etc., etc. and also as "Wholes", "Halves", "Pieces" etc.While the wholes have high value, the latter have lesser value. The figures 180, 240, 320 represent the number of counts each pound of kernel would have.In other words, 320 is smaller in size as compared to 180 grade.Even though there is no change in taste and its nutritious value. Normally, there is a good demand for 180 count within the country and now at abroad also which commands good premium. Neverthless, others like 320 and 240 also exported.


Quality Control

Our cashews are then put through a set of quality assurance measures heating in an oven, metal detection, dust aspiration and handpicking conveyor.



Graded nuts are packed either in polythene bags for local market or in tins for exporting to other states and foreign countries. The kernels are packed in metallic tins and before the tins are sealed, carbon dioxide & nitrogen is flushed into the tins containing kernels withdrawing air from the tin and the process ensures avoidance of kernels getting infected by fungus and the gas works as insecticide. Normally, such sealed tins have six to ten months of life before which they are to be consumed. In the recent past, the importers from abroad insist for plastic bag packing/flexipacking instead of packing in metallic tins.Of course, the plastic would be of a specific quality without the danger of causing health hazards. At our plant we use moulded vaccum packaging.This vaccum packaging provides protection against oxidation, preserves aroma or flavours by retaining volatile components and impedes bacteria proliferation by its virtual absence of oxygen and water Moulded vaccum packaging augments the barrier properties with its unique five layer co-extruded barrier bag comprising component materials which are totally inert and non-migratory. It is pesticide-free,infestation-resistant and contains no preservative and does not require irradiation.


Cashew processing  training in Udaipur

Cashew processing  training and job work on cashew processing

  • One day and three day training
  • Practical training
  • Skill trainer
  • Theoretical training,flavored cashew and project report
  • Profit ratio and business management
  • For employees unskilled who also trained with all technical details off all machines


We at Agri Mantra Company, thrive to become pioneer of your success. Our company provides complete support in terms of training & Development of cashew processing unit. We have a history of 5 successful years where we have supported many people in becoming a successful business person. For your information and facility we are providing below details of setting up a cashew processing unit. 

Small Scale Cashew Processing Unit:

Small Scale Cashew Processing Unit Set up (50Kgs – 500 Kgs)
Capacity (Kgs) Machinery Cost (INR) Raw Material Cost (INR) *(160 Rs./kg deposit) Additional Expenses (INR) Total Projected Cost (INR) Income per day (INR
50 127000 80000 (500 Kg in 10 Days) 10000 217000 500
100 200000 160000 (1000 Kg in 10 Days) 15000 375000 1000
250 495000 320000 (2000 Kg in 10 Days) 25000 840000 2500
500 800000 560000 (3500 Kg in 10 Days) 50000 1410000 5000
500 (Automatic) 1555000 800000 (5000 Kg in 10 Days) 60000 2415000 6500

Commercial Industries Scale Cashew Processing Unit:

Commercial Industry Cashew Processing Unit Set up (1 Ton – 4 Ton)
Capacity Ton) Machinery Cost (INR) Raw Material Cost (INR) *(160 Rs./kg deposit) Additional Expenses (INR) Total Projected Cost (INR) Income per day (INR)
1 2517000 1400000(10 Ton) 100000 4007000 12500
2 4005000 4480000(32 Ton) 200000 8685000 25000
3 5710000 6720000(48 Ton) 300000 12730000 37500
4 6620000 8960000(64 Ton) 400000 15980000 50000